Bay Laurus nobilis

The Bay, also known as Sweet Bay or Bay Laurel, is an evergreen shrub or tree that grows naturally in the Mediterranean region. It is recorded as having been cultivated in Britain since 1562. The leaves are used for seasoning in cooking and in Greek and Roman times were woven into wreaths to symbolise status or victory. It is often grown in clipped form in containers on patios. Bays have male flowers on one tree and female flowers on a different tree (dioecious).

Tree in October

The evergreen leaves are dark green but with a light green underside. Leaves have no teeth.

Male flowers in April. Each flower has from 8 to 12 stamens. Each stamen has 2 anthers at the top which open sideways to release pollen.

Close-up of female flowers, which have 4 yellow petals and one white style protruding from a green/red ovary. The female flowers are pollinated by bees, wasps and flies.

Bark is smooth and grey