Conifer Tree ID by  Leaf and Needle Shape   

This is a key for Conifer tree ID by leaf and needle shape. It lists over 40 species and divides them into 14 leaf and needle shapes with links to 3 other keys.   For some shapes you can go to a deeper level of identification by clicking on a  BUTTON, which is in the form of a name with a box round it e.g. PINES. Click on TREE NAMES in RED to get a full description of the tree. Use the Conifer Cone key to get more information.  Click on any photo to enlarge it. To find out more about the difference between conifer and broadleaf leaves click HERE

CEDARS AND LARCHES

Needles in clusters of 20–45

scoot pine needles
Needles in clusters of 2, 3 or 5

 2 – Austrian Pine,  Bishop Pine, Corsican Pine, Lodgepole Pine,  Scots Pine,  Stone Pine,  3 – Monterey Pine, 5 – Arolla Pine, Bhutan Pine, Weymouth Pine

common juniper needles

JUNIPERS

Spiky needles in clusters of 3

Common Juniper, Chinese Juniper 

dawn redwood needles
DECIDUOUS CONIFERS
Rows of flat, light green, deciduous needles
Also European Larch with needles in clusters

HEMLOCKS

Short and Long Needles

Western Hemlock

Needles on Woody Pegs where they join the shoot

Sitka Spruce, Colorado Spruce, Norway Spruce, Oriental Spruce, Serbian Spruce

Needles on Pads where they join the shoot

Douglas Fir, European Silver Fir, Caucasian Fir, Grand Fir, Noble Fir, Spanish Fir

YEWS

Needles on Green Shoots

Common Yew, Irish Yew

TRUE CYPRESSES/FALSE CEDARS

Scale-like leaves in Flat (2D) Sprays like a fern

Lawson Cypress, Nootka Cypress, Sawara Cypress, Hinoki Cypress,  Western Red Cedar,

Incense Cedar,

Oriental Thuja

FALSE CYPRESSES

Scale-like leaves on short sprays that stick out in 3D effect.

Italian Cypress, Monterey Cypress, Smooth Arizona Cypress

LEYLAND CYPRESS

Flat Sprays stick out at different angles to give 3D effect

Leyland Cypress

GIANT SEQUOIA

Short scale-like leaves with outward pointing tip. Massive tree with spongy red bark.

Giant Sequoia

JAPANESE RED CEDAR

Long, slightly curved scale-like leaves

Japanese Red Cedar

MONKEY PUZZLE

Hard, leathery and spine-tipped leaves

Monkey Puzzle

COAST REDWOOD

Mixture of Flat Needles and Scale-like leaves

Coast Redwood