Conifer Tree Identification by Leaf Shape
The Field Guide to Trees of Britain and Europe includes an identification key for Conifer trees based on leaf shape. The key lists over 40 species and divides them into 12 leaf shapes. Use this key to get a preliminary identification, then use the Conifer Cone key to get a more precise identification. Click on TREE NAMES in RED to get more information/photos about some common conifer species.
2 – Austrian Pine, Bishop Pine, Corsican Pine, Lodgepole Pine, Scots Pine, Stone Pine, 3 – Monterey Pine, 5 – Arolla Pine, Bhutan Pine, Weymouth Pine
Short and Long Needles
Needles on Woody Pegs where they join the shoot
Sitka Spruce, Colorado Spruce, Norway Spruce, Oriental Spruce, Serbian Spruce
Needles on Pads where they join the shoot
Douglas Fir, European Silver Fir, Caucasian Fir, Grand Fir, Noble Fir, Spanish Fir
Scale-like leaves on short sprays that stick out in 3D effect.
Italian Cypress, Monterey Cypress, Smooth Arizona Cypress
Flat Sprays stick out at different angles to give 3D effect
Short scale-like leaves with outward pointing tip. Massive tree with spongy red bark.
Long, slightly curved scale-like leaves
Japanese Red Cedar
Hard, leathery and spine-tipped leaves