INDEX OF COMMON BRITISH TREE SPECIES
Click on the names in red below to get full descriptions of some common Broadleaf and Conifer tree species found in Britain.
BROADLEAF TREES generally have wide leaves with veins. Broadleaf trees bear flowers and fruits not cones. Wood from Broadleaf trees is called ‘hardwood’. Oak, Beech, Walnut, Lime, Poplar, Sycamore and Ash are all European hardwoods used in furniture manufacture.
CONIFERS have leaves that are needle-like or scale-like. They bear cones not fruit. The word ‘Conifer’ means cone-bearing. Wood from Conifers is called ‘softwood’. Pine, Spruce, Cedar and Cypress are softwoods used in furniture manufacture. Only three conifers grow naturally in Britain- Scots Pine, Common Juniper and Yew. All the rest have been introduced.