Some conifers can be recognised by their distinctive cones.  For others the cone tells you what group of closely-related conifers the tree belongs to.  For example, the cones of Pines look quite different from those of Cedars. Use this option to select a conifer group (genus), then use other features such as needles or bark to identify the specific tree in the genus. Click on a button to get photos of the cones of individual species where appropriate – Pines, Spruces, Firs and Cypresses. Click on the names in red to get info on tree species. 

Scots Pine cone

Arolla Pine, Austrian Pine, Bhutan Pine, Bishop Pine, Corsican Pine, Lodgepole Pine, Monterey Pine, Scots Pine,    Stone Pine, Weymouth Pine

Atlas Cedar Cone


 Atlas Cedar,    Cedar of  Lebanon,  Deodar

Norway Spruce Cone

Colorado Spruce, Norway Spruce, Oriental Spruce, Serbian Spruce, Sitka Spruce

Spanish Fir Cone

Caucasian Fir, European Silver Fir, Grand Fir, Noble Fir, Spanish Fir


Italian Cypress Cone

Italian Cypress, Leyland Cypress, Lawson Cypress, Monterey Cypress, Smooth Arizona Cypress

Common Juniper Cone


Chinese Juniper, Common Juniper,

Common Yew, Irish Yew

Western Hemlock Cones

Western Hemlock

Western Red Cedar Cones

Western Red Cedar

Incense Cedar Cones

Incense  Cedar


Oriental Thuja cones

Oriental Thuja

European Larch cone

European larch

Douglas Fir cone

Douglas Fir – note 3-pronged bract (circled) unique to this species

Giant Sequoia cone

Giant Sequoia

Coast Redwood cone

Coast Redwood

Japanese Red Cedar cones

Japanese Red Cedar