Some conifers can be recognised by their distinctive cones.  For others the cone tells you what group of closely-related conifers the tree belongs to.  For example, the cones of Pines look quite different from those of Cedars.  For these conifers you can go to a deeper level of identification by clicking on a  BUTTON, which is in the form of a name with a box round it e.g Pines, Spruces, Firs and Cypresses. Click on the names in red for a full description of a tree species.  Click on any photo to enlarge it.


Scots Pine cone
Arolla Pine, Austrian Pine, Bhutan Pine, Bishop Pine, Corsican Pine, Lodgepole Pine, Monterey Pine, Scots Pine,    Stone Pine, Weymouth Pine
Atlas Cedar Cone


 Atlas Cedar,    Cedar of  Lebanon,  Deodar

Norway Spruce Cone
Colorado Spruce, Norway Spruce, Oriental Spruce, Serbian Spruce, Sitka Spruce
Spanish Fir Cone
Caucasian Fir, European Silver Fir, Grand Fir, Noble Fir, Spanish Fir


Common Juniper Cone


Chinese Juniper, Common Juniper,

Common Yew, Irish Yew

Douglas Fir cone

Douglas Fir – note 3-pronged bract (circled) unique to this species