Swamp Cypress Taxodium distichum
The Swamp Cypress, a conifer native to the Gulf and south east coastal areas of the USA, was introduced to Britain in1640. In the USA it is found in low lying, waterlogged areas but it can grow well in dry conditions. In Britain it has been planted in formal gardens and parks. It is a deciduous tree, turning red in autumn and shedding leaves by the end of the year. Its leaves can be confused with those of the Dawn Redwood but the shoots and leaves, if looked at closely, are ‘alternate’ not ‘opposite’. Also the cones are different.
The leaves are arranged alternately along the shoot in two ranks. The leaves of the Dawn Redwood are opposite.